A cool fall day, hot cocoa or coffee in hand, you will find football fans scattereed across the United States.

American football was said to be created from the prevalent European diversions of soccer and rugby (futbol). Be that as it may, not care for the sport of soccer, American football uses the hands more by utilizing the passing and getting of the ball instead of what soccer concentrates on the feet’s utilization by kicking the ball and not have the capacity to utilize hands by any stretch of the imagination.

In days of the past, America’s game of decision was baseball. Be that as it may, now, American football has rapidly developed more well known than baseball, and the fan bases are developing at a mind boggling rate.

Football is viewed as a “full physical game” because of the way that it is a to a great degree physical game where the players take a considerable measure of physical misuse while playing, and in addition the physical interest that it tackle the player’s body amid week by week hones. What’s more, due to the endless full body contact with restricting players and the ground, players must wear defensive hardware and apparatus to minimize wounds. Albeit, despite the fact that these safety measures are being taken, a player will and most time take some sort of harm subsequently making wounds an exceptionally basic thing in the game and, at times, have lead to the lamentable results that have finished vocations through surgeries or restoration.

You will find that the standard American football field is 120 yards in length and 160 feet wide. There are little stamps, called hash denote, that denote each yard and each ten yards. Toward the end of each side of the field (the first and last 10 yards), you will discover what is called an “end zone”. There at last zone, there will be a tall upright manufactured of two vertical yellow posts that are joined by one level yellow shaft.

The season of a standard diversion is an hour long and is partitioned into quarters that are 15-minutes each. Once the initial two quarters are played, there is a break called “halftime,” in the diversion. This allows both groups to meet up and talk about procedures on the plays and in addition how the diversion is advancing. On the off chance that progressions should be made to specific plays, this is an awesome time for it to be finished.

The entire object of the amusement is to score a bigger number of focuses than your adversary in the assigned an hour. Whichever group scores the most focuses before the diversion’s end, is announced the champ.

The way that a group scores will be either by taking care of business the ball into their adversary’s end zone for a 6-point touchdown, or they may score by kicking the ball between the yellow uprights (depicted above) for a 3-point field objective. The group can likewise score an additional point by kicking the ball into the uprights after a touchdown is scored.

On the field, every group will have eleven players at any one time with permitting substitutions that are allowed whenever.

More often than not, the two groups meet up with the arbitrators toward the start of an amusement and a coin in hurled noticeable all around to figure out which side will begin with the ball. The group that wins the coin hurl, picks how they might want to begin.

The hostile (the group that begins with the ball under lock and key) group will begin with the ball in the first place of the amusement. The group that is on offense will have four endeavors (“downs”) to move the ball ten yards. On the off chance that the hostile group is fruitful, the group will then get another arrangement of downs to attempt and move another ten yards.

Groups might either toss the ball down the field to pick up yards to get every down or they can basically hand it off to another player to attempt to pick up yards by running down the field. A play (down) is over when the player with the ball is either handled (thumped down), comes up short on limits, or there is an inadequate pass. On the off chance that a that group is not fruitful in getting 10 yards (down) in their 4 endeavors, the contradicting group will then assume control on offense from that spot on the field. However, as a rule, if the group on the offense has utilized three of their endeavors and has not picked up the 10 yards, they will generally in all probability decide to punt the ball as far down the field as could be expected under the circumstances, so that the contradicting group begins their offense as far from their end zone as could be allowed.

Similarly as with most expert recreations, punishments are an immense piece of each football game. These punishments can incorporate things, for example, off-sides, individual fouls, deferrals of diversion, and pass obstructions. The arbitrators entirely implement the guidelines and are in charge of running a spotless diversion, controlling the clock, and guaranteeing the players’ security and additionally ensuring every one of the principles are taken after.

Punishments are a tremendous piece of this amusement on the grounds that a group that submits a punishment will lose yardage and/or downs. Having a punishment against your group could be a tremendous defining moment in the wrong bearing. To announce that a punishment has been submitted, the ref tosses a yellow punishment banner onto the field.

To figure out additional info about American Football – look at WikiPedia!

Another Round

Boxingold boxing sport

Muhammad Ali. Mike Tyson. Manny Pacquaio. Floyd Mayweather Jr. Rocky Balboa. These are some of the names that no doubt come to mind when you hear someone talk about boxing.

Initially referred to as ‘pugilism’ (or ‘fist fighting’, in layman’s terms), boxing is simply a two-person sport. The objective of the sport is to throw punches (normally while wearing gloves) at one another until one person is weakened and is knocked down.

There is evidence to show that boxing dates back all the way to 4000 BC in Egypt, where it first became popular. Due to the spread of Egyptian civilization, boxing became more and more widespread, and people from the Mediterranean region and the Middle East became aware of the sport. Back then, leather straps were used to bind boxers’ hands during a match.

The very first recorded boxing match, however, was in 1681 in Britain. The Duke of Albemarle used to conduct boxing games between his butcher and butler for his amusement.

It was not until 1743 when the very first set of boxing rules were created. Jack Boughton – also known as the ‘Father of Boxing’ – established the rules of boxing after he killed his opponent in a match in 1741.

In 1865, John Sholtho Douglass, the Eighth Marquess of Queensbury, further developed the rules into the ones that we use today. He was the one who required all boxers to wear gloves, and made sure a single round did not last more than three minutes.

Ever since then, boxing gained traction and was included in the Olympic Games for the very first time in 1904.

Boxing is more than just hitting your opponent repeatedly with your fists. Before you step onto the boxing ring, you need to make sure your boxing equipment is in check. Obviously, you need a pair of padded boxing gloves, a head guard to protect your head, and a mouthpiece to keep your teeth and gums safe.

world series of boxingEach session of boxing – or a ‘round’ of boxing – can last up to three minutes. The number of rounds per game depends on the game’s type of competition, and is usually determined at the start of the game. For example, there are only three rounds in an Olympic match. Professional competitions, on the other hand, can last up to twelve rounds.

A short break is allowed in between rounds. During this break, each boxer returns to his corner of the ring that was assigned to them, where he can get some water, advice from his coach, or whatever help he needs.

A boxer is declared the winner when he manages to ‘knock out’ his opponent, and said opponent is unable to get up until the referee has finished counting aloud to ten. However, if there are no ‘knock out’s, the judges will decide the winner based on how well each boxer has performed in each round. The scores achieved by each boxer are tallied, and the highest scorer comes out the winner.

In every sport, there are always a series of rules to be followed. Here are some of the rules of boxing:

  • A boxer must always be standing on his feet to deliver a punch.
  • Punches thrown by a boxer must always land above the waistline of his opponent.
  • A boxer is allowed to only punch his opponent. No other method of hitting is allowed.
  • Only the knuckle portion of the glove is permitted to make contact with the opponent.
  • A boxer is disallowed from punching his opponent’s back, kidneys, or back of the head.
  • If a boxer is hit with an accidental low-blow (a punch below the waist), he is given five minutes to recover. If unable to recover, he will be considered knocked-out.
  • The boxer’s head must always remain above his opponent’s waistline.
  • When a referee breaks up clinching boxers (where a boxer wraps his arms around his opponent’s to create a pause), both boxers must take a full step back before delivering a punch.
  • When a boxer is knocked down, his opponent is not allowed to hit the downed boxer anymore. He must go to a neutral corner of the ring while the referee counts to ten. The referee’s ten-count gives the downed boxer an opportunity to get back up.
  • After a knocked-down boxer gets back on his feet, the referee must determine if he is fit to continue. Otherwise, his opponent wins by way of ‘knock out’ (KO).
  • A boxer that slips or falls is not considered a knock-down. However, his opponent is still not permitted to hit the boxer that’s on the floor.
  • If a boxer commits an intentional foul and does not stop the fight, the referee has the right to take points away from the boxer.
  • If a boxer is hit with an intentional foul and is unable to continue fighting, the boxer that has committed the foul will be disqualified.
  • A boxer who has committed an unintentional foul will receive a warning from the referee. But if said boxer continues committing the foul, his points will be deducted.
  • If the occurrence of an unintentional foul results in the immediate end of the fight, there can be a ‘no-contest’ ruling or a declared winner.
  • A referee has the right to stop the fight at any time to protect a boxer from serious injury. The boxer will lose by ‘technical knockout’ (TKO).

Like Mixed Martial Arts (MMA), a boxer is classified according to his weight and will fight in his weight class. This is typically used in professional boxing.

(Note: The lower limit of a weight class is equal to the upper weight limit of the class above it.)


Weight (lbs.) Class
102 Light minimumweight
105 Minimumweight
108 Light flyweight
112 Flyweight
115 Super flyweight
118 Bantamweight
122 Super bantamweight
126 Featherweight
130 Super featherweight
135 Lightweight
140 Super lightweight
147 Welterweight
154 Super welterweight
160 Middleweight
168 Super middleweight
175 Light heavyweight
200 Cruiserweight
unlimited Heavyweight

muhammad aliMuhammad Ali is a recognizable name in the world of boxing, and is commonly considered one of the greatest heavyweights of boxing. In his boxing career, he has won 56 times (37 KOs and 19 decisions), and lost only 5 times (4 decisions and 1 KO). He is not only an inspiration inside the ring, but outside of it, too; he fought for religious freedom, racial justice, and believed doing the right thing should always be superior to doing the convenient thing. He was given the title of ‘Sportsman of the Century’ by Sports Illustrated.

Another boxer worth mentioning is Mike Tyson. He was the undisputed heavyweight champion of the world. When he was 20, he won the WBC, WBF, and IBA heavyweight titles, being the youngest boxer to have ever won those titles. He had been in the ring 58 times; won 50 times (44 of them by KO), lost 6 times, and had 2 no-contests.

320px-Floyd_Mayweather,_Jr._vs._Juan_Manuel_MárquezFloyd Mayweather, Jr. is a five-division world champion. He has eleven world titles under his belt and has won the lineal championship in four different weight classes. He is undefeated as a professional and has won Ring Magazine’s Fighter of the Year award twice, the Best Fighter ESPY Award six times, and Boxing Writers Association of America’s Fighter of the Year award twice. He has fought 48 times (26 by KO) and has no losses.

Manny PacquiaoManny Pacquiao (fondly referred to as Pac-Man by his fans) is the first and only eight-division world champion. This Filipino fighter has attained ten world titles, and was the first to win the lineal championship in four different weight classes. So far, he has been in a total of 65 fights; won 57 of them (38 by KO), lost 6 times, and had 2 draws. The Boxing Writers Association of America (BWAA), World Boxing Council (WBC), and World Boxing Organization (WBO) named him ‘Fighter of the Decade’ for the 2000s. In addition to that, he has also been named ‘Fighter of the Year’ by The Ring and BWAA, and has also won Best Fighter ESPY Award twice.

Boxing is considered one of the world’s oldest sports. Since the rules relatively easy to comprehend, the sport can be enjoyed by almost anyone from any age group. Seeing two boxers go at it with one another in the ring not only gives us a rush of adrenaline, but also satisfies our primal urge to fight.



Roll on


Military personel from all over Europe compete in the 2006 United States Forces Europe Mountain Bike riders prepare to race at Aviano Air Base, Italy.  Military personel travel from all over Europe to compete in these series of races.  ( U.S. Air Force photo by Airman Nathan Doza ) ( Released )
Military personel from all over Europe compete in the 2006 United States Forces Europe Mountain Bike riders prepare to race at Aviano Air Base, Italy. Military personel travel from all over Europe to compete in these series of races. ( U.S. Air Force photo by Airman Nathan Doza ) ( Released )

In 1871, during a time when physical exertion was considered crass, ‘ungentlemanly’, and best left to the hoi polloi, a German baron named Carl von Drais invented an equipment that would be used to transport a person from place to place. Initially named the ‘velocipede’, it was basically two wagon wheels connected by a wooden plank, with a simple device attached to steer the front wheel. Since there were no pedals, the velocipede enabled people to only ‘run’ from one point to another.

The velocipede evolved as time went by, but no one was able to create a design that enabled a person to move faster than his ‘running’ speed. It therefore came as a breakthrough in the 1860s, when the Michaux Company in Paris added pedals and lever arms to the evolved velocipede. Thus, the ‘modern’ bicycle was born.

From then on, bicycles went through so many changes – from the high-wheeled ‘penny farthings’ to the ones with equally-sized wheels that you see today.

The first recorded bicycle race was held on June 1868, in England. Since then, cycling races became so popular that in 1893, a world championship race was organized, and the sport was added to the Olympic Games three years later. However, it was not until four years later that the competition synonymous with cycling began.

extreme cyclingThe Tour de France was, strangely, created not to promote the sport of cycling, but to increase the sales of L’Auto newspaper. To the dismay of its rival, Le Velo, it worked. The very first Tour de France had about 60 cyclists riding approximately 1,553 miles over 19 days. Unfortunately, the race was rife with poor sportsmanship and cheating. As time passed, the route of the Tour changed. In 2010, the Tour had cyclists ride a total of 2,263 miles, passing 20 different stages and a time trial.

Lance Armstrong is certainly not an unfamiliar name when it comes to road bike races. From 1997 to 2005, he emerged as the winner of the Tour de France yearly without fail. However, he was accused of doping on more than one occasion. It was not until January 2013 that he finally came clean about his drug usage. He was immediately stripped of his championship titles.

Despite the Tour’s known controversies, it still remains the most recognized cycling competition. In 1951, there was a Tour of Britain, and it was not long until other Tours followed.

Of course, the Tour is just the tip of the iceberg. While the Tour falls under road bike racing, there are several other types of bicycle races, such as cyclo-cross, mountain bike racing, track cycling, BMX, and cycle speedway.

Cyclo-cross involves cyclists racing multiple laps in a closed circuit, such as an open land or a park. All the riders start together, and they have to traverse paved and off-road terrain. Sometimes, competitors even have to get off their bikes to overcome obstacles and barriers such as hills or stairs.  These races are typically held during September to February, which means the cyclists have to ride through unfavorable weather conditions; however, this is one of the ways that makes cyclo-cross unique.

The current men’s world champion for cyclo-cross is Dutch cyclist Mathieu van der Poel. At 20 years of age, he did not just win the 2015 Cyclo-Cross World Championships, but also the Junior Road Race World Championships, and the Junior Cyclo-Cross World Championships twice. He is the first person to have scored that many championships.

Also known as MTB or ATB racing, mountain bike racing involves cyclists to ride an off-road terrain. It is further categorized into cross-country, short track cross-country, ultra-endurance racing, downhill, dual slalom, four-cross, super D, enduro, and observed trials. Notable MTB racing events include the cross-country event at the Summer Olympics, the World Championships and the World Cup organized by the UCI (Union Cycliste Internationale).

While the other cycling competitions need the riders to travel through the outdoors, track cycling requires its participants to ride around a velodrome. Since it is held indoors, spectators are able to watch the entire race from start to finish. Track cycling is divided into two main events: the Main Sprint Events and the Main Endurance Events. The Main Sprint Events consist of sprint, team sprint, keirin, and track time trial, while the Main Endurance Events include individual pursuit, team pursuit, scratch race, points race, Madison, omnium, handicap, and miss and out.

A well-known track cyclist is Victoria Pendleton. She has nine world titles under her belt, and once represented England and Great Britain in international competition. She used to be an Olympic, European, and Commonwealth champion. At the 2012 Summer Olympics, she attained a gold medal in keirin, and a silver medal in the sprint.

Another known form of competitive cycling is BMX, or bicycle motocross. Like most other cycling races, cyclists must ride through an off-road, single-lap race track purposely built for the event. Up to 8 cyclists can participate, and the route they have to take are made up of a number of jumps and rollers before they reach the finish line.bmx stunts

BMX became part of the Summer Olympics in 2008. Maris Strombergs from Latvia scored a gold medal in the men’s event, while Anne-Caroline Chausson made France proud in her winning the gold in the women’s event.

Cycle speedway entails cyclists to ride around a short, oval dirt track, which range from 70 to 90 meters long. There are ordinarily four riders on brake-less bikes, going head-to-head with one another.

In order to participate in competitive cycling, you, of course, need to own a bicycle. However, different types of cycling events call for different types of bicycles.

For road cycling competitions such as the Tour, road bikes are typically used. The quality of a road bike is judged based on its weight and stiffness. These two factors determine how efficient the transfer of energy is from the cyclist’s pedal strokes to the wheels of the bike. The handlebars are mostly placed lower than the saddle, forcing cyclists to bend over into a more aerodynamic position, thus enabling them to move faster against the wind.

Cyclo-cross bikes are quite similar to road bikes. The main distinctions lie in the shape of the bike’s frame, and the size of the tires. The tires are bigger to accommodate for the change of terrain during cyclo-cross racing.

When it comes to MTB racing, special bikes known as mountain bikes are utilized. These bikes are designed specifically for rough terrains. Unlike a regular bike, the mountain bike has suspensions on its frame and fork, bigger knobby tires, sturdier wheels, stronger brakes, and lower gear ratios to enable the cyclist to ride through slippery slopes.

Track bicycles are built to race in a velodrome. Therefore, they have only one gear and do not possess freewheels or brakes. The tires are slim and are filled with high air pressure in order to minimize the friction on the surface of the velodrome.

BMX bikes are pretty similar to mountain bikes. A BMX bike can be easily identified by its typical 20-inch knobby tires, durable yet lightweight frame, and having a single gear. Due to its one and only gear, BMX cyclists can pedal in several directions. Hence, cyclists are able to perform stunts, tricks, and jumps with ease.

Like BMX bikes and track bikes, cycle speedway bikes are generally lightweight with a single gear. As I’ve mentioned before, a cycle speedway bike also has no brakes, but it does come with a free wheel.

You don’t really require special attire in order to enjoy cycling as a sport, but if you plan to spend hours on the bike for an extended period of time, you do need to don some cycling apparel.

Commonly, cyclists use skintight spandex shorts with padding in them. They may look strange, but they do offer comfort and function for the cyclist. The padding helps to minimize injury in the crotch area from sitting on a hard saddle for a prolonged period. The tight spandex allow cyclists to pedal with a full range of motion and helps reduce wind resistance.


Bike jerseys are not without their disadvantages too. They are usually created with form-fitting, sweat-wicking fabrics that enables cyclists to ride with comfort.

Of course, you cannot call yourself a cyclist unless you have a pair of cycling shoes. These shoes have cleats on them that fit onto the pedals, so you won’t have to worry about your feet sliding off the pedal while you’re cycling. They also have stiff soles to help the cyclists generate more power over the pedal.

Whether you cycle for fun or for sport, it is quite clear that riding a bike is something that anyone can do anywhere, at any time. As a fan of cycling myself, I can tell you that there is nothing quite as good as feeling the freedom of the wind on your face, and the adrenaline rush as you go handlebar to handlebar with your rival. The sore legs you experience the next day is all worth it.

Let’s Get Ready To Rumble

Mixed Martial Arts (MMA)Ronda_Rousey_expendables

A year ago, I was watching The Expendables 3 and feeling, honestly, a little bored, when a woman with a red dress entered the scene. She had long, blonde hair, and was wearing a pair of glasses. Aside from the fact that she was built a little bigger – and, should I say, more buff – than the average female Hollywood star, she looked quite ordinary. Sylvester Stallone and the other guy (they were in the scene with her) introduced the interesting lady as Luna.

What really caught my attention was what happened less than a minute later. A few people started fighting nearby, so Luna excused herself from the two gentlemen she was with, and headed towards the hubbub. Cracking her knuckles as she walked, and with a playful smirk on her face, she soon reached the troublemakers, grabbed one by the hair, and started throwing punches here and there.

Needless to say, I was wowed.

Of all the female action stars I’ve ever seen, in all of the movies I’ve ever watched, that lady was purely a badass.

Upon reaching home, I started doing a little reading on the mysterious and thrilling character. She was Ronda Rousey, and American Mixed Martial Artist. And that was how I came to know the sport.

MMA_Institute_Logo_WhiteIf you Google the term ‘mixed martial arts’, it is accurately defined as ‘an extreme combat sport in which contestants are permitted to use the fighting techniques of wrestling and boxing but also those of martial arts such as kickboxing, judo and karate’. In short, you can fight in whichever (legal) way you like in order to win. No gloves, no helmets, no weapons – just your bare hands, your guts, and your will to win.

Mixed Martial Arts – or simply MMA for short – originated in ancient Greece. It was even featured in the Olympics back then, though under a different name. At that time, this sport was referred to as pankration, from the Greek words pan and kratos, which meant ‘all powers’. Competitors in pankration engage in hand-to-hand combat, and they enter the ring with only two rules in mind: no biting or eye gouging was allowed. The sport rose in popularity, and champions of the sport emerge as heroes and even became subjects of legends.

jiu jitsuThanks to Alexander the Great, pankration soon spread to India. See, Alexander the Great had a tendency to enlist athletes as his soldiers. He believed that the athletes could be useful for him, due to their stamina and combat skills. A Buddhist monk, who was also in India at the time, picked up bits and pieces of pankration and brought it back with him to China. As word began to spread about the sport, people around the globe started creating their own styles and versions of pankration, thus leading to the birth of several martial arts techniques – each with its own characteristic – such as judo, karate, kung fu, and Brazilian jiu-jitsu.

As martial increased in popularity, the concept of mixed-style competitions did as well. This was due to one expert in a martial arts style challenging an expert in another martial arts style, just to see which style was better. These competitions occurred for several decades around the world, until it reached the United States, where it became immensely popular.

Those taking part in these competitions soon realized that, in order to come out as a champion, they could not rely on only one type of fighting technique. So, they began learning other fighting styles to get an edge in the competition. From that point on, the competitive sport that is Mixed Martial Arts was born.

The rules of MMA may differ from one fighting organization to another. However, there are some basics that remain cage vip fan experience

First and foremost, you are required to fight in your own weight class. If you weigh 100 lbs., you will not be facing a giant of 200 lbs.

In general, the weight classifications for men are as follows:



Range of weight


Up to 125 lbs.


Over 125 lbs. to 135 lbs.


Over 135 lbs. to 145 lbs.


Over 145 lbs. to 155 lbs.


Over 155 lbs. to 170 lbs.


Over 170 lbs. to 185 lbs.

Light heavyweight

Over 185 lbs. to 205 lbs.


Over 205 lbs. to 265 lbs.

Super heavyweight

No weight limit


These are the weight classifications for the women:

Ronda Rousey Vip Fan experience

Class Range of weight
Strawweight 115 lbs.
Flyweight 125 lbs.
Bantamweight 135 lbs.
Featherweight 145 lbs.

There are, of course, more than one way to win the competition.

A fighter may win by:

  • Submission. This occurs when you manage to force your opponent to concede defeat. This is also known as ‘tapping out’.
  • Knockout (KO). When you successfully strike your opponent till he/she loses consciousness, you have achieved a knockout.
  • Technical submission. When your opponent is caught in a submission hold, and is unable to concede defeat on his/her own, and the referee has to step in to stop the fight.
  • Technical knockout (TKO). Also known as ‘referee stoppage’, this occurs when the referee has to step in because your opponent seems unlikely able to defend his/herself, or is getting a dangerous amount of damage from your strikes.
  • Judge’s decision. If the fight lasts all rounds, the three judges must decide who will come out the winner.
  • If you make more than 3 fouls, or if you foul your opponent to the point that he/she is unable to continue the fight, you are immediately disqualified.
  • No contest. This happens when you or your opponent is accidentally injured early in the fight and cannot continue any longer, and the judges are unable to decide the winner due to the insufficient number of rounds.

Although fights can be more fun to watch as they get more aggressive, some movements or actions are considered fouls. Fighters can find themselves penalized if they do any one of the following:

  • Groin attacks
  • Head butts
  • Eye gouging
  • Biting
  • Spitting at the opponent
  • Hair-pulling
  • Fish-hooking
  • Downward-pointing elbow strikes
  • Small-joint manipulation
  • Strikes directly to the spine
  • Strikes directly to the back of the head
  • Strikes to the throat
  • Heel kicks to the kidney
  • Clawing, pinching, or twisting the flesh
  • Kicking the head when the opponent is on the ground
  • Kneeing the head when the opponent is on the ground
  • Stomping when the opponent is on the ground
  • Swearing or abusive language
  • Attacking an opponent in between rounds
  • Intentionally throwing the opponent out of the fighting area
  • Flagrant disregard of the referee’s instructions
  • Spiking an opponent’s head or neck

For over a decade, MMA has been growing traction as a sport. Of course, the sport would be nothing if there weren’t any exceptional fighters to root for.

As I’ve mentioned in the beginning, Ronda Rousey is pretty renowned. Her acting chops aside, she presently holds the title of the first and current UFC Women’s Bantamweight Champion and the last Strikeforce Women’s Bantamweight Champion. In addition to that, she was the first US woman to win an Olympic medal in Judo during the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics.

Cristiane Justino is another force to be reckoned with. This Brazilian fighter is previously Strikeforce Women’s Featherweight Champion, and the current Invicta FC World Featherweight Champion. Before being discovered for her fighting skills, Cristiane was formerly a national-level team handball player in Brazil.

Another badass female fighter worth mentioning is Cat Zingano, who was the first woman to win a UFC fight by technical knockout. Zingano first fell in love with combat sports when she joined wrestling at 12 years old. As she grew older, she discovered Brazilian jiu-jitsu, a fighting technique she continues to use in her MMA fights.

Georges St-Pierre is often cited as one of the greatest MMA fighters of all time. He has won the Welterweight Champion of the UFC two times, and the Interim Welterweight Champion of the UFC once. His fighting style is a mixture of kyokushin, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, wrestling, boxing, and Muay Thai. He recently announced that he is taking some time off from fighting, though he is not counting out the possibility for return.

anderson silva mmaAnother person who is frequently called one of the greatest MMA fighters is Anderson da Silva. He was the former UFC Middleweight Champion, but he still holds the title of the longest defense streak in UFC history. His striking ability is considered one of the best in MMA.

Russian-born Fedor Emelianenko has won MMA Pride Fighting Championships, FIAS World Combat Sambo Championship, and a bronze medal in the Russian Judo Federation National Championship. Out of a total of 39 fights in his career, he has only managed to lose 4 – 3 by knockout, and 1 by submission.

With the rise in popularity of MMA, there is no doubt that in the years to come, more and more fighters would emerge. Small and local MMA gyms are even starting to open, promising to train amateurs the basics of combat. And it is not unclear why people love MMA – the adrenaline rush we get from watching our favorite fighters duke it out in the cage is just fighting

A little B-Ball fun


Michael Jordan at Boston Garden
Michael Jordan at Boston Garden

I was introduced to basketball at a very young age. My brother, who is 7 years my senior, worshipped Michael Jordan. He would put up posters of Jordan all over the house, drop hints about how happy he would be if someone would give him the latest Air Jordans for his birthday, and gush about his idol’s latest achievement. Day and night he would prattle on and on about how he would someday play for the NBA, and finally my father, possibly tired of my brother’s relentless ramblings, bought a basketball hoop and attached it to the wall atop our garage.

I was probably 5 back then, and watching my brother come home from school daily and practice shooting orange balls into the hoop set pretty high off the ground (I was very short as a child) gave me a rough idea of the sport.

The game of basketball was created by Dr. James Naismith, who was a Presbyterian minister, and a physical education teacher at the YMCA International Training School (now known as Springfield College) in the United States. One day, he was tasked to prepare an indoor game that was to be an ‘athletic distraction’ for the students at the School for Christian Workers. He tried and failed to modify outdoor games such as soccer and lacrosse to be played indoors. Then, he remembered a game played during his youth called ‘duck-on-a-rock’, which involved players to knock a ‘duck’ – which was placed on top of a large rock – by throwing smaller rocks at it. The game required accuracy and concentration, and so Dr. Naismith decided it would be a perfect fit for the students.

Dr. Naismith’s veBasketball_ball385428_9836rsion of basketball differed greatly from the game that we know and love today. Originally, the game was played with a soccer ball, and participants of the game had to throw it into two peach baskets that still had their bottoms. The baskets were placed approximately 10 feet off the ground, and each time a score was made, players had to poke the basket with a long rod to get the ball out. Back then, the court was half the size of the courts today, and dribbling was disallowed.

The game was well-received, and it soon became an instant hit. In 1936, for the very first time, basketball was included in the Olympic Games.

Like all sports and games, basketball has its unique set of rules. First, let us cover the basics.

Basketball is a team sport. There are two teams in every game, and five players in every team. Basketball coaches also bring along five additional players in case anyone on the playing team gets injured or banned from resuming the game.

Each player is assigned his own role in the game. This role is usually established based on the player’s height. The tallest in the team plays the role of the ‘center’. The ones of medium height play the ‘forwards’ (‘small forward’ or ‘power forward’), and the shortest play the ‘guards’ (‘point guard’ or ‘shooting guard’).

The team that has the ball is referred to as the ‘offensive team’, while the other is called the ‘defensive team’.

Scores are awarded when a player manages to throw a ball into and through the basket. Different scores are awarded depending on where the shooter was when he made the shot. If he was outside the three-point line, the team would be awarded 3 points. If not, the shot would be worth 2 points. If a player shoots from the free throw line, his team would only be awarded 1 point.

There are, of course, several things to take note of to ensure one’s team does not make a ‘foul’. There are the ways to categorize a ‘foul’:

  • Personal foul. Any type of illegal physical contact is considered a personal foul. This can include any type of the following:
    • Hitting
    • Slapping
    • Pushing
    • Holding
    • Illegal pick/screen – when a player intentionally sticks out a limb and makes physical contact with a player from the opposing team to block the path of the opposing team’s player

Personal fouls are awarded penalties in the form of free throws.

  • This happens when a player is pushed or ran over by a player from the opposing team. The ball is given to the team to which the foul was committed.
  • This occurs when a player from the team did not position himself in time to prevent his opponent from throwing the ball, thus making illegal personal contact.
  • Flagrant foul. A flagrant foul is violent contact with a player from the opposing team.
  • Intentional foul. An intentional foul is when a player makes physical contact with his opponent without a clear effort to steal the ball.
  • Technical foul. When a player (or even the coach of the team) uses foul language, obscenities, impolite gestures, or even argue, a technical foul has been committed.

If a player has committed 5 fouls, then he can no longer be part of the game and must leave the court immediately.

Basketball players should also know not to break the rules of the game, otherwise they would be committing a violation. These are some examples:

  • Walking/Traveling. The action of taking more than 2 step without dribbling the ball is called walking or traveling. This is not allowed in the game.
  • Carrying/Palming. This occurs when a player resumes dribbling after letting the ball lie in one or both hands. Players must also keep his hands atop the ball at all times.
  • Double dribble. A player that momentarily stops dribbling the ball before doing so again, or dribbling the ball with both hands, has committed a double dribble violation. It is similar to carrying/palming.
  • Held ball. A held ball is when players of opposing teams have their hands firmly on the ball. The referee then must determine to which team the ball belongs.
  • A defensive player is allowed to block the ball while it is making its way to the basket, and doing so is known as ‘goaltending’. However, an offensive player is prohibited from doing so.
  • Backcourt violation. When the offensive team has made its way across the mid-court line with the ball, they are not allowed to go back across the line (while they still have the ball). Otherwise, they would be committing a backcourt violation.
  • Time restrictions. Players are generally allowed to hold the ball for five seconds before having to pass it on to their teammates.

Of course, basketball would be nothing without its superstars popularizing the game.Basketball court

As I’ve mentioned in the beginning, Michael Jordan – or MJ for short – is a celebrated basketball player. He played for 15 seasons in the NBA (National Basketball Association). From 1984 to 1993 and from 1995 to 1998, he played for the Chicago Bulls, before joining the Washington Wizards from 2001 to 2003. He has won the NBA championships six times, the Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player award six times (thus setting a record), the NBA Most Valuable Player Award five times, and was an NBA All-Star fourteen times. And these are just a few examples. Michael Jordan may be retired, but his legacy still lives on.

Earvin ‘Magic’ Johnson Jr. is another basketball superstar. He was point guard for the Los Angeles Lakers and played in the NBA for 13 seasons. He managed to secure the NBA championships five times, the Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award and the NBA Most Valuable Player award three times respectively, and became an NBA All-Star twelve times. Like Jordan, he is retired.

Kobe Bryant is also a household name, who is presently playing for the Los Angeles Lakers. So far, he has won the NBA championships five times, won the Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player twice, the NBA Most Valuable Player once, and is a seventeen-time NBA All-Star.

Basketball is not a game created for the males. There are top female basketball players as well.

Maya Moore plays forward for the Minnesota Lynx. At 26 years of age, she has already won numerous awards and accolades. For example, in 2014, she won the WNBA (Women’s National basketball Association) Most Valuable Player award. She is a four-time WNBA All-Star, and won the WNBA All-Star Game MVP just this year.

Another female basketball player worth mentioning is Candace Parker (sister of former basketball player Anthony Parker). Like Maya Moore, she plays the position of forward. She has played for the Los Angeles Sparks since 2008. She was a two-time WNBA MVP, and a three-time WNBA All-Star, to say the least.

basketball hoop against blue sky
basketball hoop against blue sky

Without my brother’s nonstop ramblings about basketball and the antics of Bugs Bunny and gang in the hit movie Space Jam, I would probably never understand the appeal of the game. I would still probably think of it as a bunch of tall men or women fighting over an orange ball with a snakeskin-like texture. Now that I am able to understand the game a little better, I can see why basketball is one of the world’s most-played sport.


Let’s get wet!


kids swimming

I remember the first time I plunged into a swimming pool. I was probably 8 or 9 years old, and I was well aware of how overweight I was. I feared that if I were to go inside the clear, blue, funny-smelling water, I would definitely die in it. And I thought that being chubby would drag me down to the bottom faster.

My best friend was already inside the swimming pool, urging me to come in. She told me that she would keep me safe, and would not let anything happen to me. Reassured, I dipped my toe into the pool. The cold water stung at me, and I removed my toe from the water. I could see my best friend getting impatient. I took a deep breath, silenced all the thoughts and fears rushing through my head, and jumped in.

It was, to say the least, surprisingly refreshing. As my feet landed at the bottom of the pool, I instinctively propelled myself back up to the surface. At the top, I gasped for air and my hands quickly searched for something to hold on to. My best friend took my hand and laughed at me.

Over time, as my confidence grew and my anxiety melted away, my best friend taught me the basics of swimming.

There is, of course, more to swimming than just playing around in the pool.swimming fun

Since swimming is a day-to-day skill, it comes as no surprise that it dates back to the Stone Age. According to cave paintings, the primitive man used to swim in order to cross rivers and lakes. Swimming has even been mentioned in Greek mythology. However, swimming was not recognized as an organized sport until the 19th century.

The very first indoor swimming pool became open to the public in 1828 in England. Then, in 1837, the National Swimming Society started organizing swimming competitions. Back then, the swimmers generally used the breaststroke (or something similar to it) to swim. In 1844, two Native Americans participated in one of the swimming competitions and introduced a new style of swimming to the English crowd. An English swimmer named Sir John Arthur Trudgen took note of the Native Americans’ unique swimming style and developed it into what we know today as the trudgen or the racing stroke – regarded as one of the most powerful strokes to use today.

Swimming was first introduced in the Olympic Games in 1896 in Athens. The Olympic events were freestyle in the beginning, until the backstroke was added in 1900. In 1912, women’s swimming was added to the Games.

During the 1940s, breaststroke swimmers found out that they were able to speed up if they bring both arms over their heads. This was immediately prohibited in breaststroke swimming, but this practice created the butterfly stroke (which would later be included in the Olympic Games in 1956). Today, four major strokes are mainly used in competitive swimming – freestyle, breaststroke, backstroke, and butterfly.

The rules of competitive swimming are pretty simple and straightforward. In the Olympics, the pool must measure 50 meters long, 25 meters wide, and 2 meters deep. The pool is divided into ten lanes labelled zero to nine or one to ten; the first and the last lanes are usually left empty in the semi-finals and finals. Each lane must be 2.5 meters wide. There are electronic timer pads positioned underwater to record the swimmers’ times.

There are a number of officials that preside over Olympic swimming. There is one referee to manage the entire procedure. There are four stroke judges to look for abnormalities in the strokes used by the swimmers. There are two race-start officials, two lead-turn officials, and two turn inspectors to make sure each swimmer touches the wall and turns correctly.

© Sport the library/Tom Putt Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games Swimming Day 3,  October 21st. Action shot of Daniel Bell (AUS) in the pool (butterfly) showing reflections.
© Sport the library/Tom Putt Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games Swimming Day 3, October 21st. Action shot of Daniel Bell (AUS) in the pool (butterfly) showing reflections.

Competitive swimmers normally equip themselves with goggles, swimming caps, and swimsuits. However, certain types of swimsuits are banned from the Olympics. In the 2008 Beijing Olympics, some swimmers wore polyurethane and neoprene suits that helped them win the races and even broke records. These suits were found to repel water and helped bodies stay afloat. Now, only suits made mainly from woven fabric were allowed. Men’s suits were only allowed to reach from the waist to the knees; women’s suits could extend from the chest to the knees.

According to FINA (Fédération internationale de natation) – the governing body of swimming, diving, water polo, synchronized swimming, and open water swimming – competitive swimmers are prohibited from certain actions. They are not allowed to pull on the lane line to drive themselves forward. They cannot walk along the bottom of the pool while the race is in progress. Any floatation or propulsion devices are disallowed, therefore swim fins, webbed gloves, or hand paddles cannot be used. Of course, swimmers must finish in the same lane in which they began.

You can’t think of Olympic swimming without thinking of Michael Phelps. This 30-year-old American has won a total of 22 medals, 18 of which are gold. In the 2008 Beijing Olympics, he obtained 8 gold medals, thus breaking the record of the most first-place finishes at any single Olympic Games. His many feats and achievements both inside and outside the Olympics has earned him the Swimming World magazine’s Swimmer of the Year Award seven times, the American Swimmer of the Year Award nine times, and the FINA Swimmer of the Year Award. Sports Illustrated magazine even named him the Sportsman of the Year in 2008.

Like Michael Phelps, Australian Ian Thorpe is another well-known swimmer from the Olympics. So far, he has won 5 Olympic gold medals, and was the most successful athlete in the 2000 Summer Olympics (having won three gold and two silver medals). He was the first person to win Swimming World’s Swimmer of the Year award four times, and was Australian Swimmer of the Year for four years. He was also presented with Medal of the Order of Australia for service to sport in 2001.

Mark Spitz – also known as ‘Mark the Shark’ – is considered the greatest swimmer in history. He has 9 Olympic gold medals. In the 1972 Munich Olympics (where he won 7 gold medals), he broke world records in all seven events he participated in. During his career as a competitive swimmer, he set 35 new world records. Swimming World named him Swimmer of the Year three times.

Eight-time Olympic gold medallist Jennifer Elisabeth Thompson is another decorated Olympic athlete. She has a total of twelve medals which she won in 1992, 1996, 2000, and 2004 Olympics. In 1993 and 1998, she was named USA Swimming’s Swimmer of the Year, Swimming World’s Female World Swimmer of the Year in 1998, Women’s Sports Foundation’s Athlete of the Year in 2000, and the Female American Swimmer of the Year in 1993, 1998 and 1999. Sports Illustrated ranked her as the 62nd Greatest Female Athlete of All Time in 1999.

The first woman to win six gold medals at a single Olympic games is Kristin Otto from Germany, which she did in the 1988 Seoul Olympics. She also managed to set world records in the 50m freestyle, 100m freestyle, 100m backstroke, and 100m butterfly events. Swimming World named awarded her Female World Swimmer of the Year three times.

Swimming may not look like a tough sport, but athletes who do compete in it need to be in physically fit condition. Swimming not only trains one’s cardiovascular fitness, but also one’s strength. Believe me, wading in water takes up a lot of power.


Welcome to a VIP Fan Experience!


Sports is an integral part of our life. After a long tiring day at office a good or football or tennis is exactly whats needed to keep ourselves fresh. As a fan when we support our favorite team or favorite sportsperson we get attached to them and become a part of their journey. Here i will like to share about the experience that a VIP fan goes through while supporting his favorite team.


MCCHORD AIR FORCE BASE, Wash. -- 1st Lt. Richard Cullen plays goal keeper with the the Seattle Sounders, a Colorado Springs Premier Development Soccer League. Stationed here as acommunications officer, his assignmeent keeps him hopping at both the wing headquarters and at Seattle Memorial Stadium.
MCCHORD AIR FORCE BASE, Wash. — 1st Lt. Richard Cullen plays goal keeper with the the Seattle Sounders, a Colorado Springs Premier Development Soccer League. Stationed here as communications officer, his assignment keeps him hopping at both the wing headquarters and at Seattle Memorial Stadium.

Depending on where you are from, one may say that Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in the world. Almost all the country has their own football team and are desperate to qualify for the world cup. Big clubs like Manchester United, Liverpool, Barcelona have fans in every corner of the world. Now when you start supporting a club you get mentally attached to the club. You think about the club all day and feel like you belong there. Slowly and steadily you became an absolute die hard fan. You became a part of their journey, the ups and downs, supporting the club through thick and thin and when finally after years of struggle when they won the trophy, Ah! that feeling, tears of joy rolling down your cheeks.


Vip fan experience football

American football is hugely popular in the US. it originated here in the US and has lots of fans. It is played in the professional level,college level as well as school level. It is a physical contact game and considered to be extremely risky . The National Football League has the highest attendance of any leagues in the world and the Championship game , The Super Bowl is one of the most watched club sporting events in the world. Every 4 years a World Cup is held. Fans are extremely passionate about this sport.


vip fan experience tennis

Tennis is also a hugely popular game. Tennis is an individual game and big players like Rafael Nadal, Roger Federer, Novak Djokovic has huge number of fans. Being an individual sport you feel much more attached to the player. You support him or her through the tough tines and celebrate the success with them. I will like to share about a tennis match I witnessed live. Being a big Federer fan I managed to somehow get tickets to the Wimbledon Final 2008 between Federer and Nadal .At that point of time Federer was by far the best player and was way ahead of the others,only Nadal came close to him. So I was pretty confident at the beginning that Federer will win comfortably. But to everyone’s surprise Nadal won the first Two sets. I was getting nervous at that time because Federer losing like this was something I never expected. However Federer showed why he is the best and won the next two sets.It was time for the final set. I was sure Federer will win because Nadal’s confidence was low. But to everyone’s disbelief Nadal won the final set with sheer passion and determination. Federer was completely broken but still he got up and congratulated Nadal for his success. That moment I realized its not about who wins or not, it’s about the mutual respect.


Michael Jordan at Boston Garden
Michael Jordan at Boston Garden

Basketball is the most popular sport in the US. Every kid in the US gets introduced to basketball at an early age. Basketballs are played both at the school, college and professional level in the US. The famous basketball teams include MIAMI and SAN ANTONIO SPURS. The famous basketball players like Micheal Jordan and Le Bron James have world wide fame. Basketball fans are generally extremely passionate about their favorite teams. I remember seeing a game between SAN ANTONIO SPURS AND MIAMI HEAT.Basketball is a very fast paced and entertaining sport and watching the game live was an amazing experience. I have never seen a crowd so loud. Crowds over there literally dictate the pace of the game and have a large influence in deciding the winner. Apart from the US basketball is also very popular in many countries. NBA is doing a great job at promoting the game and the fan following of the basketball players have been steadily increasing. Players like Allen Iverson and Kobe Bryant are now household names all over the world.


Vip fan experience baseball

America’s favorite pastime of old and still a favorite today. Baseball is also a hugely popular game in the US. If you through the streets of US you will find kids playing baseball with their dads or training with their coaches. Apart from the US baseball is also hugely popular in JAPAN and CUBA. Baseball has some legendary teams like the Yankees who have their fans in every part of the world. The Major League Baseball(MLB) is one of the most highly attended leagues in the world and the Championship game, SUPER BOWL, is the most watched event in club level. Watching a MLB game live is an amazing experience especially when the striker hits a Home Run and everyone in the crowd rushes to catch the ball.


Vip fan experience boxing

Boxing is a contact sport where two participants try to knock each other out. In spite of being a very violent sport boxing is hugely popular throughout the world and is also played at the the olympics. The most famous boxers are Sugar Ray, Muhammad Ali and currently Floyd Mayweather and Manny Pacquiao. Recently a fight between Mayweather and Pacquiao became the center of attraction of the entire world and was called as “the fight of the century”.Boxing is also one of the most popular events in the Olympics.It takes a strong heart to become a boxing fan because there is a lot of blood and sometimes there are very serious injuries.


Cricket is a very popular sports especially in the parts of Asia and Australia. The most famous cricket playing nations are INDIA,PAKISTAN,AUSTRALIA,SOUTH AFRICA. The game has three formats, a 20 over game, a 50 over game and a 5 Day test match. Every four years the ICC CRICKET WORLD CUP is played in the 50 over format and gathers huge attention. A game between fierce rivals India and Pakistan gets as much as 1 billion formats as Asia has the most cricket crazy fans. With the introduction of the 20 year game and cricket leagues like INDIAN PREMIER LEAGUE(IPL) cricket is gradually becoming more and more popular.


Mixed Martial Arts(MMA) like boxing is also a combat sport. MMA is very popular nowadays because of the efforts of the UFC, Dana White, and fighters like Chuck Lidell, Tito Ortiz. MMA is now practiced in many countries and authorities have been set up who promote the sport like Belgian MMA federation(BMMAF) and The ALL INDIA MIXED MARTIAL ARTS ASSOCIATION(AIMAAA). As a result there are many fans of MMA in this countries.


The NASCAR is a business venture that conducts that conducts multiple auto racing events. It is hugely popular throughout the world,come on, who doesn’t like fast cars? Watching a NASCAR event live at a racing track is an amazing experience of every fan. The sight of fast cars passing by you in the blink of an eye and the loud noise of the engines is enough to get an adrenaline rush.


Field Hockey is not the first game which will come to your mind when we talk about team sports but recently it has become very popular. It is also played in the olympics and has huge fan following in countries like India, Netherlands. The Hockey World Cup is also a well attended sports event.


Ice Hockey may be not as popular as Field Hockey but is very famous in places like Canada and United States. I have attended an ice hockey match and the fan following is pretty good. It is also played in the Winter Olympics. The popularity of ice hockey is likely to increase in the coming years.


Badminton has started gaining popularity in the recent years and more and more people have steadily been attracted towards the game. Due to emergence of famous badminton players like Saina Nehwal in India the sport has become popular in the south east Asia. China has the most number of badminton players and it is the Chinese players that generally dominate the game.


Golf is a hugely popular sport throughout the world especially in the US. Famous golf players like Tiger Woods have world wide fame.Huge number of fans comes to the golf courses to see Tiger Woods play. It is a favorite leisure sport which attracts many people towards it. While on vacation golf is the sport to play.


Bowling has huge number of fans all over the world mainly because it is very easy to play and everyone can have a shot at it. It is the ultimate leisure sport where everyone can go and play and have a good time. Bowling is also good for health because it helps in the flexing and stretching of the arm and shoulder muscles. As many as 1 billion people do bowling throughout the world.


Swimming is a very popular sport. In Olympics swimming is one of the most popular events. There are different types of swimming events like 100m.200m, relay racing,under water racing. Micheal Phelps is one of the most popular swimmers and is famous throughout the world. Swimming is also a favorite leisure activity for many people and is extremely beneficial for health.


Cycling is also a very popular sport and millions of people cycle everyday. However, professional cycling is different. Tour De France is one of the most popular cycling events in the world and is watched by millions of fans worldwide.Lance Armstrong is one of the most famous cyclists. With more and more people taking an interest in cycling, it is expected to be one of the most popular sports in the coming years.


Squash is a kind or racquet sport played by 2 or 4 people. It may not be the most popular sport in the world but has a large fan following in countries like Australia, Germany and England. The World Championship and PSA World Series are most famous squash tournaments held. Recently more and more young people are taking up squash and it is expected to grow in the coming years.]


Table Tennis is one of the most popular indoor sports in the world. It has a huge fan following. It is regularly played at the Olympics. Some of the notable table tennis players include Wang Hao and Ding Ning. China has crazy fan following for table tennis and Chinese players generally dominate this sport.


Polo is a team sport which is played on the horse back and the aim is to score against the opposing team. It is a very difficult sport to play. Polo is played in around 15 or 16 countries. It used to be played at the Olympic level but currently it has been withdrawn. USA has the most fan following of the sport .


Now this is an extremely new sport. Recently it has become hugely popular in the US and throughout the world bacause it is an extremely challenging and thrilling game where the aim is to take down the enemies. This is considered to be the most popular game among the younger generations. And considering the way the popularity is rising it is expected to be among the top sports by 2020.

These are some of the most popular sports which are played throughout the world at this moment. Apart from this there also many other sports which are being played in many countries.