Blacks in Biking

This month, I’d like to highlight little known black history facts about blacks in biking.

Buffalo Soldier

Bob Marley’s song Buffalo Soldier isn’t just a good sing-along song with a wonderful bridge-Woe! Yoe! Yo!  It is a tune that tells a story about the 25th

Army Bicycle Corps

Infantry United States Army Bicycle Corps. The theory is the name was given to them by Native Americans since their hair felt like a buffalo’s pelt. The name was loved by the soldiers since they were familiar with the buffalo’s fighting spirit and bravery.

The soldiers were one of the many segregated units of the U.S. Army. They were testing if bicycles could be used instead horses in the military. Their biggest trial came when they rode 1900 miles from Ft. Missoula, Montana to St. Louis, Missouri. They averaged 56 miles a day and completed the journey in 34 days.

Vélocipede + Tricycle


In 1888, Mathew A. Cherry invented and got the patent for the vélocipede. The vélocipede was a metal seat with frame set on top of two or three wheels. This design was a huge improvement over early designs. The rider would move themselves along with their feet on the ground in a running or fast walking motion.

This design ultimately evolved into the tricycle and bicycle. In May 1888, Cherry got the patent for the tricycle. In the U.S., the tricycle is typically used by little children. However, in Africa and Asia, it’s used for transportation and commercial deliveries.


One of the things that makes biking a solid form of transportation is the ability to transport stuff. In 1899, Jerry Certain created the first bicycle parcel carriers, intended to carry items with a bike. Today, we call these parcel carriers panniers and they are crucial to many riders who use bicycles for travel and transportation.

These are just some facts about Black contributions to making bicycling accessible and better for all.

Cardiac Arrest and Young Athletes (Part II)

There are some significant warning signs. One is passing out or becoming dizzy during exercise. That can be a sign that your heart’s rhythm is out of whack enough to make you collapse but went back to normal fast enough to let you wake up.

Fainting as a result of a loud noise or being startled is a second red flag. The reasons for it aren’t really clear, but it’s a well-known occurrence in Long QT Syndrome.

Third is a family history of sudden cardiac death at a young age or of drowning. Many cardiac conditions can have you passing out during exercise, which may not be deadly in a marathon when you can stand back up after you recover. However, if you pass out in the water, you will drown.

Athlete does a cardiac stress

See A Doctor

Even if none of these red flags are reason for pausing in your case, there still may be motives to see a doctor. If you have a family history of fainting, chest pain, cardiac irregularities, or heart disease, you should take a trip to see the doctor. That trip could result in getting your blood pressure checked or getting an electrocardiogram done which can detect some electrical issues with the heart.

Specialized tests are a heart ultrasound and an echocardiogram which can detect whether or not you have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and can also pick up ARVC.

And if you’re older and want to run your first marathon, you may want to get a stress test. People over 40 are more probable to having coronary artery disease. You’ll ride a stationary bike or run on a treadmill to measure your blood pressure and heart rate while you do an increasingly difficult level of exercise. You may also take a nuclear stress test that looks at the blood flow to your heart.

Cardiac Arrest and Young Athletes (Part I)

Of the more than 300,000 deaths that happen as a result of SCA (sudden cardiac arrest) every year, you might think that only older adults need to be concerned about this deadly condition. Think again. Sudden cardiac arrest is the top cause of death in young athletes. Most often, the death happens during competition or training.

What is SCA? 

Also known as just cardiac arrest, sudden cardiac arrest happens quickly and usually without warning. Electrical issues in the heart creates a dangerously fast heart rate that disturbs blood flow. With pumping disturbed, the heart can’t pump blood to the body’s organs. Within seconds, a person loses consciousness and doesn’t have a pulse.  If SCA isn’t treated ASAP, it can lead to death within minutes.

Fabrice Muamba, a professional soccer player in Britain, collapsed during a game after suffering cardiac arrest. He’s now up and walking. Another soccer player was not so lucky. He died a few days after suffering cardiac arrest during a match. Other professional soccer players around the globe have died in recent years from cardiac-related incidents. Not a year goes by without news of a marathoner who died in a race due to cardiac arrest. There are other athletes, even in high school, who have died from SCA.

A heart attack is a plumbing issue. An artery going to the heart becomes blocked, typically from cholesterol build-up and the part of the heart muscle that is fed by that artery becomes destroyed.

Cardiac arrest is an electrical issue. The natural rhythm of the heart that makes every heart beat that you have either just entirely stops and is electrically silent, or it get so erratic and fast that your heart muscle just can’t keep up with all the electrical signals, So, it just quivers and shakes. It can’t produce any pumping output.

The Good and Bad of Athletes Being Role Models

Professional athletes have been a big fixture in this country’s culture for a while. Americans both young and old, have no issue identifying one or two favorite athletes that have caught their attention and admiration.

There is also lots of debate on whether we should make athletes role models and try to mimic their behaviors as a roadmap for our own lives. Children, particularly those playing sports, are very impressionable to these stars as they learn themselves how to contribute to a team.

Athletes as Role Models – Good Idea!

Professional athletes have a good opportunity to use their celebrity power and success to bring about positive change in society. Some of them know how to use their habits and qualities to inspire high moral values in their fans. Here are some examples of positive social changes:


Athletes are the ideal messengers to showcase the advantages of demanding exercise and how it keeps you on the top of your game. Professional athletes get their fame by improving their resilience, stamina, and endurance. None of these skills are conceivable without consistent exercise and strength building to endure the physical demands of their sport.

Professional athletes can also influence more kids to engage in physical activity. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that 18% of kids between 6-11 years old are overweight. Being obese leads to health issues like diabetes and heart problems even in children. By watching their favorite athletes, kids may be encouraged to go outside and shoot baskets, run around the local park, or ride a bike to be active.

Inspire Confidence

Accomplished athletes signify a sense of confidence in themselves and their teammates. Athletes will use confidence as a tool to outwit the opposition. That’s why athletes are perfect role models since they can teach you how to believe in yourself and those on your team.

Ballet and Athletes

Training in ballet can give athletes an advantage over their competitors

As a dancer, we are taught that ballet is the fundamental building block of dance. Without ballet training, your development in other dance styles is inadequate. However, as someone who likes outside sports and other physical activity, I’ve noted my ballet training has given me an advantage over other athletes. I might not be better at whatever the sport or activity is, but my performance is stronger than it would be had I not taken ballet. Here are reasons why ballet is beneficial to all athletes.

It enhances your cognitive ability

Ballet classes are very quick paced. You’re learning one combination, performing it, then leaving it behind for the next one, and that procedure repeats for over sixty minutes. The more you’re in ballet classes, the quicker you can pick up anything that’s thrown your way, regardless if it’s a new play before a big game or a new way to throw a strike.

It keeps you on your toes

This is a huge benefit for all athletes who want increased agility. Ballet is all about putting weight in your toes as you move fast from side to side. Your reaction times get faster and sharper, which can assist you in staying on top of your opponents’ decisions.

It instills discipline

Hair code, dress code, behavior: ballet is a world within its own. It’s this meticulous because that’s how dancers will remain focused. We don’t judge ourselves or others based on hair styles or dress. We don’t play with our hair during class to keep it out of the way. That saves plenty of time during class that is put towards concentrating on learning combinations and performing them with precision. It’s not a scary environment. You can still talk with your friends during warm-up and after class. Most teachers let you go over material quietly with a friend.

Why College Athletes Shouldn’t Be Paid?

Don’t they already get enough?

Throughout the years big name college athletes have been attempting to get some cash in their bank account before making it to the pros. What they don’t understand is that college is not a place of work. It is meant to further education for a future career. Also, no college, small or big, has enough funds to pay them. They have to pay coaches, scholarships, athletic directors, and facilities to ensure that the college has the best chance of winning.

Despite the fact that most athletes don’t have funds to get by while they are in college, schools don’t gain enough revenue back from the money that they put into their sports programs. They are already getting a free education with their scholarship, and all the various sports would not be able to be paid the same amount.

The Cons of Paying Athletes

If colleges paid their athletes, there would not be much money for any other things like stadiums and coaches. Colleges don’t have enough money and it defeat the purpose of going to college. If athletes were to get paid, it would give folks a reason to pay other students in the school. If the athletes are paid, why not pay the band members or the drama students who do plays?

It would also make college more expensive. The money has to come from somewhere. That would just make it more difficult for a regular student to attend college. It’s unfair to the other students. Most college athletes are already on scholarships, so why should they be paid like they are pros?

Many college athletes say that since they don’t have time to get jobs that they should be paid by the college so that they can have extra money to spend. What they do not realize is that the average college student is middle class and has to pay their way through college. Most students would kill to have their school paid for and all they need to worry about is their grades.

Why Many Athletes Are Becoming Vegans

From increased lung capacity to speedy recovery from injuries to improved stamina, specialists say that there are many reasons why athletes are turning to veganism.

What’s the one thing that unites these world class athletes such as tennis players Serena and Venus Williams, Novak Djokovic, cricketer Virat Kohli, Formula One driver Lewis Hamilton, and boxer David Haye,? They are all vegans.

Not long ago, most athletes swore by the idea that in order to get optimum fitness, you have to have dairy and meat. However, these leading athletes are changing the narrative.

Kohli, who recently became vegan, said that becoming vegan had made him stronger as it improved his digestive power. He also stated that veganism has made him calmer. American basketball player Jahlil Okafor said that switching to veganism aid him in dealing with an inflated knee.

Top vegan athletes from across the globe claim that being vegan has made them healthier Here’s what the specialists have to say:

Increases digestive capacity

When you are eating whole grains, tons of vegetables, and fruits, your stomach gets cleaned. You can get a solid workout. The fiber in the fruit enhances the power of the digestive system and reduces bloating, which is a burden while training. Since you’re not eating animal products, you don’t have to fret about your cholesterol level rising or your arteries getting clogged. Your internal system functions optimally and is clean. This give explosive strength to athletes, making them swift.

Enhances cardiovascular health

A plant-based diet is low in cholesterol and saturated fats, which is good for heart. This guarantees that an athlete can jump higher, train harder, and run longer with fast recovery times between workouts.

Heightens immunity

Usually, intense athletic activity can create a mildly suppressed immune function which may enhance the vulnerability of the athletes to infections. Vegan diet can help improve their immune system significantly.

Is Poker A Sport?

The meaning of sport is, “an activity involving physical skill and exertion in which an individual or team competes against another or others for entertainment.” There is a fine line when bearing in mind whether or not something should be deemed a sport or game. Poker falls nicely into that category.


It was created in the early 1800’s and has been increasing ever since. The issue when comparing the definition of sport to poker is there’s no physical activity when playing. Though this may be a deciding factor, it is not that simple. The main argument comes down to whether or not folks believe poker is deemed gambling.

Speaking from experience, poker in the long term is more skill then it is luck. Though, folks who don’t play will think of it as a gambling game since it’s played in casinos. The main difference is that in casinos, poker is the only game where you are playing against other folks and not the house. There is no clear-cut answer to whether or not poker should be a sport.

It should be. If folks believe the definition of sport shouldn’t involve the physical aspect then poker should be considered one. It is a game that necessitate lots of skill in order to be winning in the long run. This is shown by the professional poker players who earn a living doing so.

The world series of poker (WSOP) is a yearly poker tournament series which runs in Las Vegas. Plenty of attention was brought to poker because of this. Folks see people who win the tournament and it began the boom.

This directly goes against the case of how poker is more skill then luck. However, poker tournaments necessitate a ton of luck as they typically take place for days. There are various types of poker but tournament play is one that commands a huge amount of luck for one tournament but over the course of time, the skill factor rises way up.

Unusual Sports (Part II)

Wheelbarrow Racing

In Kenya, there is a race named “To Hell’s Gate on a Wheelbarrow”, which is nicknamed after the national park that holds the race course. Funds raised from this event go to conservation endeavors for the park.

Unicycle Hockey

Unicycle Hockey

This one’s as self-explanatory as underwater football, since unicycle hockey is really nothing more than hockey on unicycles, as dangerous and crazy as that sounds. Each team has five players who are obliged to have both feet on their unicycle at all times.

Wife Carrying

While this game sounds like it could be a race held in a small European town, this game enjoys universal appeal. The event has its origins in Finland where local women were frequently abducted. The World Wife Carrying World Championship has groups competing from Germany, Great Britain, Estonia, US, Ireland, and Australia. The US team is very competitive: participants must win their state championship to be eligible for the global championship.

Extreme Ironing

Here’s one that’s really crazy. Extreme ironing is a sort of extreme sport where folks take clothes and ironing boards to dangerous or remote locations to do ironing. According to the Extreme Ironing Bureau, extreme ironing is “today’s danger sport that unites the thrills of an extreme outdoor activity with the satisfaction of a well-pressed top.”

Giant Pumpkin Kayaking

Giant Pumpkin Kayaking

If you’re weary of using a kayak to go kayaking, then why not give this peculiar sport a try? The most famous giant pumpkin race by far takes place every year on Nova Scotia’s Lake Pesaquid. The race is about half a mile long, and contestants usually decorate their pumpkins in a flamboyant way.

Underwater Football

Underwater football is essentially American football that’s played in a swimming pool. Players have to wear snorkeling equipment and are tasked with moving the weighted football to the gutter on the other side of the pool.

Unusual Sports (Part I)

Think you have knowledge of every sport? Everyone has heard of football, rugby, soccer, tennis, and running, but not everyone has heard about chess boxing or cheese rolling. Want to find out more? Keep reading, because below are some of the most unusual and bizarre sports from around the globe!

Sepak Takraw

Sepak Takraw

A well-liked sport in Southeast Asia, this game takes after volleyball but instead of hands, players use their knees, chest, head, and feet to move the ball around, which is constructed of soft wood. The International Sepak Takraw Federation has competitions with teams from more than hundreds of various countries.

Tuna Tossing

This sport started in Australia in Port Lincoln. It was motivated by the local fishermen who would toss fish onto their trucks and began being used as a way to liven up a local festival. The winner is the one who can throw a 20-pound fish the furthest. Today, the competition has become cleaner: rubber fishes are used instead.

Toe Wrestling

This sport is like arm wrestling with players trying to pin down their opponent’s toes for three seconds. Players play with their bare feet interchanging between their left and right feet and play the best of three rounds. There are separate divisions for men and women.

Chess Boxing

Chess Boxing

This questionable combination of sports includes brawn and brains. Competitors play alternating rounds of boxing and chess for three minutes each. This little-known sport has fans in India, Russia, the UK, and Germany.

Man vs. Horse Marathon

This marathon started as a way to resolve a pub argument when Welsh locals pondered who would win a marathon: a man or a horse. Ever since then, a yearly marathon is held in Welsh Town, Wales with both horses running and men. Men have won on two occasions, but it is usually the horses that come out on top. If a human wins, they can win a cash prize.